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Oven Roasted Chestnuts with Spiced Butter Glaze

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Oven-roasted chestnuts covered in a spiced butter glaze on a china plate with evergreen sprigs beside it.

“Chestnuts roasting on an open fire . . .” is one of those nostalgic Christmas traditions I’ve known about for as long as I can remember, but unless you actually have a fireplace then it’s not exactly very practical. That’s why I was excited to learn that you can actually use a regular oven rather than a fireplace to have oven roasted chestnuts and still be able to experience the tradition of roasted chestnuts.

Up until last year, I had never actually even tasted a chestnut before. And my first experience with chestnuts wasn’t exactly a very good one either. I found a bag of pre-roasted and shelled chestnuts at the grocery store and bought them, all excited that I was finally, finally going to experience the wonder of having chestnuts at Christmas time. But then I opened up the bag and tasted one, and they were squishy and cold and slimy. Not at all the delicious holiday treat I had been expecting!

I had almost given up on chestnuts as something that sounded amazing in holiday songs and movies but wasn’t very good in reality until I went to Old Sturbridge Village last year at Christmas time.

Real Roasted Chestnuts

Since Sturbridge Village is a 19th century living history museum, there were costumed interpreters there reenacting historic Christmas traditions . . . and one of those traditions was roasting chestnuts over an open fire. The scent of those warm chestnuts mixed with the smokey scent from the fireplace was absolutely intoxicating. And as soon as I tasted one, I was hooked.

That was what chestnuts were supposed to taste like. Not the damp and squishy ones I had tried before.

At Old Sturbridge Village, my chestnuts were conveniently roasted over an open fire for me, but since I don’t have a fireplace at home, I can’t roast them the truly old-fashioned way. After becoming practically addicted to those holiday chestnuts, though, I couldn’t very well give them up entirely, so after doing some online searching to learn how to do it, I decided to make oven roasted chestnuts instead.

Roasting chestnuts in the oven is actually surprisingly simple. Maybe not quite as traditional, but a pretty good substitute for people like me who don’t have access to an open fire.

How to Roast Chestnuts in an Oven

Step 1: Buy Enough Chestnuts (Get Extra!)

The first thing you want to do, is to buy a couple of extra chestnuts besides what you think you’re going to want to eat. There always seems to be one or two in the bunch that have gone moldy inside. They usually look the same from the outside, and it’s almost impossible to tell when you’re looking at them in the store, so it’s always a good idea just to grab a few extra just in case.

Step 2: Preheat Oven and Parboil the Chestnuts

(Update 12/07/21: after years of roasting chestnuts this way, my mother just told me about some advice she read online about par-boiling them for a few minutes before trying to roast them, so this is what I tried this year, and it worked really well! I boiled them for about five minutes, and then I continued with all of the rest of the steps below. It seemed like the par-boiling really helped them to be easier to peel after they came out of the oven.)

The next step is to preheat the oven to 400 degrees.

Step 3: Prepare the Chestnuts

While the oven is preheating, you need to cut X’s in the chestnuts so they won’t explode in the heat of the oven and so they will be easier to peel later.

This is the only part about roasting chestnuts yourself that’s a little bit difficult.You have to really be careful with the cutting because it’s so easy for the knife to slip on the chestnut and slice your fingers instead . . . or maybe my knife skills just need a bit more practice!

Either way, I actually use a regular serrated knife (like the kind you would use at the table to cut a steak) rather than a really sharp knife like many people recommend just in case the knife does slip and get my finger instead.

Some people say to cut the X’s in the flat sides of the chestnuts, but when I was at Sturbridge Village, the museum guides there were cutting the X’s in the top part, so I decided to try it that way, too. I think it’s a bit easier cutting into the top because then you have the wider base of the chestnut to hold onto and it’s easier to keep your fingers out of the way.

You want to slice the X deep enough that it cuts through the entire shell – you can usually tell if it has because you’ll see a bit of the fluffier-looking skin underneath start to poke through. With the X’s cut into them, the chestnuts look like this:

X-shaped slits cut into chestnuts to prepare them for going into the oven.

Step 4: Roast the Chesnuts

Once you’ve cut your X’s in all the chestnuts, lay them out on a cookie sheet and roast them in the 400 degree oven for about 20 minutes. The time doesn’t have to be exact, but you want to check them to make sure they aren’t burning, and you will know that they are done when they start to split open at the x-shaped slits that you cut into them. In around 20 minutes or so, the house will smell amazing, and the chestnuts will look like this:

Oven roasted chestnuts that have split open at the slits cut into the top while they were in the oven.

Step 5: Peel the Chestnuts

Once the chestnuts are out of the oven, you’re ready to peel them and enjoy – after letting them cool down for a few minutes, of course, so you don’t burn your fingers!

Don’t let them cool down too much, though, or they’ll be really hard to peel. When they’re still nice and warm, the shell pops right off and the inner skin slides off them cleanly. You want to try to peel as many as you can while they are still warm, so if you are doing a large amount of chestnuts it might be a good idea to either enlist the help of family members to help you peel them or to do smaller batches. If your chestnuts do cool down too much to peel, though, you can put them back in the oven for a minute or two to let them warm up again (but I’ve found that they will peel the easiest if you can get them the first time when they’ve just come out.)

The chestnuts are delicious just as they are, but for a little bit of extra holiday cheer I like to smother them in a delicious buttery spice-filled maple glaze.

Holiday Oven Roasted Chestnuts with Spiced Butter Glaze Recipe


  • 8 Chestnuts, roasted, peeled, and chopped
  • 2 Tbs butter
  • 2 Tbs maple syrup ( Grade B is my favorite for strong maple flavor)
  • Dash of salt (I like Real Salt )
  • Dash of cinnamon
  • Dash of allspice
  • Pinch of cloves

(Note🙂 The amount of salt and spices can be adjusted to taste. I didn’t measure out the spices exactly, but I used about equal amounts of cinnamon and allspice and about half of the amount of cloves. This recipe can also be easily doubled or tripled.


Melt butter in a saucepan over medium heat. Stir in the maple syrup, salt, and spices. Then add the chestnuts and stir until they are fully coated with the buttery, spiced goodness. Then pour them out into a bowl or plate, let them cool for a minute if you can wait that long, and enjoy!

Other Traditional Holiday Recipes You Might Enjoy

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Oven-roasted chestnuts covered in a spiced butter glaze on a china plate with evergreen sprigs beside it.


This post is linked to Clever Chicks Blog Hop at The Chicken Chick,  Frugal Days Sustainable Ways at Frugally Sustainable, Natural Living Link-Up at Jill’s Home Remedies, Party Wave Wednesday at Holistic Squid, and Fight Back Friday at Food Renegade.

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The information in this post is not to be taken as medical advice and is not intended to diagnose or treat any disease.

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Paladugu Divya

Saturday 17th of June 2017

Yummy Tummy :)

Pravallika Menon

Thursday 6th of August 2015

I always love to do Yummy roasted recipes. I will try this


Monday 15th of December 2014

Hi Lori, I'm psyched to have been the one to turn you onto chestnuts. Now you need to try different types of chestnut varieties as they all are very different. Japanese chestnuts are my fave


Tuesday 16th of December 2014

I'm very glad you did! They're one of my favorite holiday foods now. I'll have to give the Japanese ones a try sometime!


Tuesday 11th of December 2012

Well if this doesn't sound like Christmas on a plate I don't know what does!

Thanks for sharing at Thank Your Body Thursday!

Sunday 9th of December 2012

I have always wanted to know how to roast chestnuts and am so excited to try it now! The flavors look amazinng too.Thanks for sharing on Natural Living Monday.

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